Figures recently published by Glasgow City Council revealed that the proportion of Glasgow residents living in deprived areas fell by 15% between 2001 and 2011. Analysis of the most recent census statistics, has shown that the city has been undergoing significant demographic change in recent years.
The population of the city is increasing and this is likely to continue,meaning city decision-makers will have to take this into account in a number of planning areas, such as housing, employment and service provision.
There is considerable uncertainty over how much the population will grow, mainly due to unpredictable migration rates. The lower projection estimates a rise of 51,000, while higher a migration rate could lead to a rise of as many as 85,000 between 2012 and 2037. According to the report, the former figure is more likely.
Increasing numbers of households could present significant problems for planners due to the low level of private construction and the funding constraints faced by social housing providers. The report acknowledges that this will have to be tackled at institutional and government level if housing needs in the city are to be accommodated.
Further changes to the city’s demographics:
- Lone parent households have fallen by 5%
- The proportion of people privately renting has more than doubled from 8.3% to 17.7%
- The proportion of social rented households has fallen by 10.6%
- The proportion of owner-occupied households has fallen by 1.2%
- The number of Glasgow residents in employment has risen by 19%
- The number of children in the city fell by 20% between 1991 and 2011 – from 120,000 to 96,000, however, this is projected to begin rising by around 700 a year
- The number of people between 16 and 64 has been rising by 4,400 a year between 2004 and 2012 and it is estimated that this will continue to grow, but at a reduced rate
- The elderly population is expected to increase by around 1,650 per year between 2012 and 2037, with a rapid expansion over the next decade
The report points out that while deprivation rates have fallen significantly in recent years, 40% of Glasgow’s population continue to live in areas of high deprivation. Population growth and deprivation levels mean that there will be a need for more affordable homes, both in privately rented and owner-occupied housing. Welfare reform is exacerbating difficulties with matching existing housing stock to current and future household size trends, due to the bedroom tax.
These figures demonstrate just some of the demographic changes that have been taking place in Glasgow. Future reports will produce analysis on:
- 2011 Census results and Ethnic Diversity in Glasgow
- 2011 Census results and the Glasgow Economy
- 2011 Census result and Housing in Glasgow
Source: Glasgow City Council